The Olive grove- Oils,cereals and forages. La corraliza de Don Pablo

 

In 1993, three Arbequina, Empeltre and Picual olive trees were planted in a 7*7 royal frame with a density of 204 trees per hectare.

 

Plantation was oriented to the North-East which allows trees to be with sunlight from the East in the morning as well as from the West in the evening, and located at 300 meters above sea level with a slope of 8%. This is the reason why this land is not cultivable and where cruciferous, gramineous plants are characteristic of the area.

 

Flair cutter was used to incorporate pruning remains to the soil as well as 75% of vegetation cover, which will serve as a source of nectar to bees and refuge to endless predator insects. It also implies an economic benefit thanks to energy savings, insulation and the consequent reduction on energy consumption which all of them foster the environment.

 

We have also maintained shrub vegetation that surrounds our olive grove since it has a beneficial impact on biodiversity.

Olives are picked up when they reach the degree of ripeness, when they have accomplished their peak in their lives, when the fruit appeals starlings, in other words, we respect the natural cycle.

 

 

THE ARBEQUINA

 

Its name comes from the town of Arbeca in Lerida (Spain). It is the most planted variety in Spain and over the world because of its good adaptation to well mechanized cultivation systems of high density.

This is a little vigorous tree adapted to cold weather. Its most remarkable agronomic values are those of low vigor, its precocious entrance in production and high productivity, too.

The fruits are presented in tight clusters that, although its force of retention is average, makes its fall by vibration be very difficult. Its harvesting season is made early and over-ripening must be avoided due to the fact that oil presents a fast oxidation process. On some occasions wood blossom of more than one year old can be noticed.

The leaves of this tree are short and elliptical while the fruit is, in general, spherical and of small size.

 

 

THE EMPELTRE

 

It is an old variety that has been grown since the XV century in the region of Aragon (Spain).

It is a vertically-growing tree with a thick treetop and average vigor. Its fruiting branches present average internodes and highly branched.

This leaf is average size,  short and narrow, flat and with an elliptical lancelet  shape.

The fruit is black when ripened, average size (2-3 g) lengthened and asymmetrical. It is mainly used to obtain oils because of its greasy yield and its supreme quality of its oils, and it is also served as

black dressing.

 

 

THE PICUAL

 

It takes its name from the pointed apex of its fruits. It is one of the most stable oils due to the high levels of polyphenols.

 

Picual is the most important olive variety in Andalucia for its area planted and it is thought  that one out of two olive trees are of this variety.

The tree is very vigorous, open growing and thick treetop density. The fruiting branches present short internodes and light grey colour.

 

Picual's leaves are average, short and narrow. Front has green colour and back has grey green.

 

When ripened, the fruit has a black colour, average size and elliptical and asymmetrical shape.